Palmetto Battalion

The Civil War Reenactors Organization Of South Carolina
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 Post subject: Who Are Your Ancestors?
PostPosted: Tue Feb 19, 2008 8:57 am 
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Joined: Mon Oct 09, 2006 1:30 pm
Posts: 505
Let's get a friendly contest going. List who your Confederate ancestors are. I will start off with just a few and will add as time goes on.

James Sinclair, 7th SC Battalion - GG Grandfather - Wounded twice
John Sinclair, 7th SC Battalion - GGG Grandfather - Age 54
John Smith Crenshaw, 2nd SC - GGG Grandfather - Killed 09/30/1864, VA
Albert Stack, 43rd NC, GGG Grandfather, Killed Cedar Creek
Burrell Hancock, 22nd SC, 12th SC, GGG Grandfather
William Walker, 3rd SC Artillery, GGG Grandfather
Hiram Hancock, 17th SC, GGG Uncle brother of Burrell, died of disease
Paddy Hancock, 4th SC Calvary, GGG Uncle, bro of above, killed Hawes Shop
Matthew Crenshaw, 2nd SC, GG Uncle, Son of John Smith Crenshaw
Colin Jordan, 7th SC Battalion, ggg uncle, brother of John Sinclair, died of disease in Richmond, VA 1864
William Cauthen, 1st Cousin 5 times removed, Signed Articles of Secession, Killed by Sherman's Troops.

William Prescott, 3rd Great Grand Uncle-Involved in the Crater Incident in the Civil War is found in "Historical Sketches of Sumter County Vol 11 by Cassie Nicholes. William Prescott is found listed int eh "Roll of the Dead" of the Confederate Soldiers from SC. Death date given as 11 Aug 1865 in Petersburg VA. Jackie Baker says he enlisted 29 Oct 1863 in Sumter, SC under Maj Melton. Transvered to Co. C. 1 Mar 1864. promoted to 4th Sgt. 5 Sgt on muster roll of c.c. 30 June 1864. Involved in Crater and Petersburg.

Henry Clay Hancock, gg grandfather, Company of 16 year olds mustered in Lancaster, SC. Henry Clay Hancock enlisted in Company I, 3rd Regiment State Troops at the age of 16 to fight the Yankees. The Company was made up of 16 year olds during 1864. The following account of their adventures was printed in the Lancaster Ledger and was part of a dairy of John W. Cousart.

Organized - September 1864

This company of 16 year old boys left Lancaster District for service in the war during the Fall of 1864, under the command of Captain J D Caskey. The company was ordered to rendezvous at Hamburg, SC early in September, 1864 with three other companies, all under the command of Lieutenant Colonel William P. Gill. From 31 October 1864 thru early January 1865, they served as prison guards at the Post of Florence. With the invasion by Sherman's hordes, they were activated into Chesnut's Brigade for the Campaign of the Carolinas from January thru May, 1865. The unit was officially disbanded in mid April, 1865 near Florence, but many continued to fight with other units until the end of the war.

An account of the history of the company was given by Mr. John Q. Cousart in the Lancaster Enterprise in 1892.

The roll was compiled from a payroll of the Company, dated 2nd of March 1865, which was in the possession of Mr. W.P. Caskey.

At the request of a number of comrades. I undertake to give your readers a short reminiscence of Co. I, 3rd Regiment of S.C. State Troops. Should this article chance to fall in the hands of any of comrades, their friends or relatives and awaken pleasant recollections of the campaign of our command in defense of our State and the doctrines then promulgated, this writer Shall be well repaid, and with a desire to that end, will write.

The exigency of the situation demanded that our Governor exhaust every resource at his command to resist the threatened invasion of our beloved State, an the means, it was ordered that an enlistment be made of all persons above the age of sixteen years. Under this order, our company was organized and ordered to rendezvous at Hamburg, SC early in September 1864.

We concentrated at Camden and proceeded by rail to Branchville and there received orders to push on to Charleston, from which we were ordered to fortifications at Honey Hill, three miles southwest from Grahamville, SC. We were taken by rail to Salkahatchie on the Charleston and Savannah railroad. From this, we marched around Pocotaligo to Grahamville. On this march, we got an inkling of the horrors of war. there had been an engagement on that day, and our march (in the night), we came in collision with wagons said to have been laden with the dead and wounded. This caused a feeling of sadness to pervade the breasts of some and others did not seem to care, this is human nature. We arrived at Honey Hill and found the place well fortified, the pass thru the swamp begin commanded by De Pass' artillery. Hear we built out quarters on an elevation in a picturesque place and in a few hours, a formal organization was effected, our company mustering sixty eight rank and file.

We were armed with Enfield rifles and in many instances, it puzzled the boys to hold them "off hand". As some of the boys had never fired a gun, much amusement was created and they were the recipients of many hard "saws" and much harder kicks (from the guns). At this place, our surgeon, Dr Joseph Blair, examined the boys. Those who were laboring under physical disabilities were discharged and many applicants ere remanded to their quarters and mustered as able bodied soldiers. The first duty entailed upon us was to inter the dead Yankees who had been killed in an action sometime previous to our arrival and had been hurriedly thrown into ditches and partially covered. This was trying to the olfactory nerves of those engaged. All entered up to the duties of a soldiers life as cheerfully as circumstances would permit. Daily competent drill masters soon made order out of chaos. Good officers and sufficient "group" made our stay at this place very pleasant. The first charge that our company made was on some potato and sugar cane banks on Gen. Howards Plantation. There were speedily annihilated and many Sweet trophies were carried back to camp. The most arduous duty performed was as Vinette pickets. Such close proximity to the enemy caused "war to lose all of its charms.". We were ordered to move forward and assist in the defense of the beautiful city of Savannah. We went by rail to near Hardeeville and marched to the turnpike to the Savannah river. On this march, our worth corporal, Joseph M. Caskey, was grievously attacked with cholera morbus and from its dread effects, superinduced by over exertion, nearly succumbed, and but for antidotes administered by friends, would possibly have died, and is such event, our company would have lost its best member and Lancaster County a future good citizen. We arrived at the river after night and were cautioned to lie low in the weeds and grass as the Yankee gunboats were near and would shell us. Needless to say, we lay low. We rested here while and then counter marched by same Route to Grahamville. Soon we were ordered to Adams Run to which place we proceeded marching by way of Timmonsville to Salkahatchie and thence by rail to our destination, (Adams Run) a pretty little village retreated a few miles south of Charleston and Savannah R.R.

We were quartered near some old barracks a few miles south of the village. Our stay at this place would have been pleasant but for the lack of rations. A beautiful situation, light duties and all enjoying good health (itch and measles excepted;) during our sojourn here our regiment was marched, under false alarm, to Whites Point, where a Yankee gunboat was grounded on an oyster bank. We go near enough to see the boat and then marched back, (without the boat) near this place at Tulajina the first regiment encountered a detachment of Yankees and retreated with considerable loss of clothing, guns, and accoutrements. after suffering much at this point from hunger, we were ordered to James Island which we reached with the loss of nearly all of our baggage. We were stationed near battery No. 1. Here we fared well and our stay was enjoyed by all.

On the night of Feb 17th 1865, Charleston and her defences were evacuated. Sherman's march to the sea would inevitable cut us off and to save the command it was absolutely necessary to speedily evacuated the city. This caused a feeling of sadness to fall like a pall over the whole command and as dissolution of the Confederacy war was imminent, it was thought necessary or expedient to destroy the vast accumulation of commissary and other stores that had been collected. On the destruction of these stores, together with promiscuous and incessant shelling, the burning city, the fearful explosion of the depot and of the magazines and gunboats made the grandest and saddest pyrotechnic display ever witnessed on this continent. We wended our way to Monck's Corner. The roadside for twenty two miles was on vast museum, a conglomeration of blankets, coats, shirts, guns, accoutrements, rations, etc.

We boarded the train at St. Stephens and were hauled to Gourdin, marched to Kingstree and by rail to Cheraw. Just before the train stopped, some of the members of the second regiment were knocked off the cars by an overhead bridge and killed. We marched to Cheraw and were quartered in the woods near the depot. We remained here a few days awaiting Sherman's approached. We proposed to make a stand here but it was judged expedient to move forward. Immediately upon the passage of our troops, the magnificent bridge, which spanned the Pee Dee at this point, was fired. This was a check to Sherman and caused him to sue pontoons. By the time thus gained together with forced marches, we were able to keep ahead. On this march we drew our first rations of corn (in the ear), this to boil for a short time in salt water and then parched it. This was very palatable and nourishing. In this retreat, the writer saw a man carrying a pine torch and another holding a frying pan over it and in this manner cooked a hoecake and the writer ate a portion of the bread thus cooked. We arrived at Fayetteville and were hospitably entertained by the ladies of this ancient town. The writer remembers many kindnesses conferred upon him and his mess mate, John E. Lark, by these kind and patriotic ladies. Here our regiment was given charge of about five hundred prisoners captured the night before in a soiree by Hampton's cavalry on the camp of Gen. Kirkpatrick, The writer here saw a horse ( a magnificent iron grey) said to be the property of Gen. Kirkpatrick; we conducted the prisoners, consisting of non-commissioned officers and privates, safely to Raleigh and placed them in charge of N.C. Troops, on this march the commissioned officers among the prisoners were separated and placed in charge of a detail of officers and allowed to precede the command. They managed to make good their escape, much to the chagrin of polite Captain Broom of Fairfield who was in command of the detail. Our command by this disposition did not take part in the action of Averysborough, Smithfield, and Bentonville, from Raleigh we were ordered to Spartanburg, SC.

We stopped at Durham and other Points along the railroad and in tow or three days arrived at Charlotte, here we drew rations and then proceeded to Chester. After our departure from Raleigh, our command melted like snow before the sun, and no man could be returned beyond the path to his home. Consequently, very few arrived at Chester. The war considered at an end, the writer, E.C. Dunlap and others were allowed to depart for home. We our way to Gooch's ferry and our first view of the devastating effects of Sherman's raid was seen. We found the suburbs of Lancaster filled with dead houses, mules, and fowls. A spectacular exhibition of cruelty and vindictiveness of Sherman's incendiaries and bummers. We found that all good things to which we had been so anxiously looking forward had gone to fill the maw of this Leviathan and that only a home was left. We heard later that Gen. Lee had surrendered and here ended the campaign of the youngest soldiers that took place in the battles with fatigue and hunger for the glorious Lost Cause.

In conclusion, I can speak for the entire company and say that our much beloved Captain was looked to by the boys as a father and the every interest of his company was paramount to all else. He allowed no imposition and thru his efforts Company I always fared as well as the best. Likewise did our Lieut. C.L. Duncan. These were the only person of mature age in our company and Thier consideration for our welfare will always be received. The other commissioned officers were kind and considerate so also the non-commissioned officers. From first to last, the communication between men and officers was pleasant and there will always be a bright spot of this writer for the officers and every member of this company. According to the laws of nature our company will be the last of the survivors to step off God's foot stool and I think that an afford should be made to the end that have a reunion and in some manner perpetuate the part taken by us in the events herein stated.

Captain John Cauthen, age 41, GG Uncle, 3rd SC Light Artillery (have picture)

Many more to follow, about 40. Add your ancestors and let's have some fun

Very Respectfully,

Claude Sinclair

Last edited by Claude Sinclair on Wed Feb 20, 2008 10:51 pm, edited 4 times in total.

 Post subject:
PostPosted: Tue Feb 19, 2008 10:51 am 
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Joined: Tue Apr 04, 2006 8:59 am
Posts: 102
Here's what I know so far....

-Emanuel Cloninger, Pvt.37th NC. GG Grandfather, captured Fredericksburg, traded back. Transfered to Confederate Navy. Survived the war.
-Monroe Clemmer, Pvt.37th NC GG Grandfather. Survived the war and married Emanuel's sister.
-Enoch Hunter, 2nd Cpl. 52nd GA. GG Grandfather.
-Wm. Fain Thomas, Capt. 65th GA GGG Uncle
-John Forsyth Thomas, 65th GA. 1st Cousin, 3 X Removed (Served under his Uncle, Capt. Wm. F. Thomas)

"History by apprising (citizens) of the past will enable them to judge of the future; ... it will enable them to know ambition under every disguise it may assume; and knowing it, to defeat its views." --Thomas Jefferson

 Post subject:
PostPosted: Tue Feb 19, 2008 11:02 am 
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Joined: Wed Apr 05, 2006 6:06 pm
Posts: 117
-Marion Taylor Pearson- GGF. 3rd Ga Inf. Enlisted age 14 in 1863.
-Eustis Odum- grandmother's oldest brother, Ga. Inf, lost his leg at Gettysburg and died a few days later.
-George Washington Ivey- 34th Ga, wounded at New Hope Church, his father went and got him out of a hospital in Atlanta.


 Post subject:
PostPosted: Tue Feb 19, 2008 12:37 pm 
Hears all i have jonathan hudson osborne 49th nct,company f butcher,servived the war, never took the oath, my ggggrandfather.thomas mcmanus 1st sc butlers or also know as thesc 3rd heavy artillery company a then transfered to c company, also survived surrendered at bentonville nc ggggrandfather :shock: and his brother albert mcmanus my ggg-uncle .albert was in the 1st sc with thomas but transfer to the 17th and was killed at 2nd manassas,and is buried in warrington virginia. all on my dads side cannot research my moms!

 Post subject:
PostPosted: Tue Feb 19, 2008 6:39 pm 

Joined: Fri Sep 14, 2007 4:25 pm
Posts: 3
Location: YORK SC
Andrew F. Ashe 17th SC G-G-Grandfather-wounded at 2nd mannasas and crater captured at five forks pow at point lookout
Robert Ashe 17th SC G-G-Uncle - kia 2nd mannasas
John James Ashe 17th SC G-G-Uncle- captured at petersburg pow at point lookout
Madison Neely G-G-G-Grandfather 6th SC
Archibald Dillingham G-G-G-Grandfather 2nd SC Art.
joshua Dillingham G G G- uncle 5th sc
A . C. McManus G-G-Grandfather 1st SC- captured morris island
John Willard G-G-G-Grandfather 18th SC
Sam Branham G-G-G-Grandfather 6th SC Cal.
Joseph Hancock G-G-G-Grandfather 6th SC
Theodore Porter G-G-Uncle 17th SC -died from sickness 12/25/1862
George Carpenter G-G-G-Grandfather 55th NC
David Carpenter 55th NC G-G-G-Uncle
William McClure 4th NC G-G-G-Grandfather

Very proud of each one of these men.

Jeffrey Ashe 6th SC


Last edited by pvt ashe on Thu Feb 28, 2008 5:55 pm, edited 2 times in total.

 Post subject:
PostPosted: Wed Feb 20, 2008 2:24 pm 

Joined: Wed Mar 28, 2007 10:34 am
Posts: 6
Joseph Carroll - Palmetto Sharpshooters, G-Grandfather, W2
Silas Carroll - Palmetto Sharpshooters, G-Uncle, W1
Daniel Carroll - Palmetto Sharpshooters, G-Uncle, W2
Thaddeus Carroll - Palmetto Sharpshooters, G-Uncle

Dr. Thomas Bates - 5th SC, G-G-Grandfather
Farr Bates - 5th SC Cavalry, G-G-Uncle

James Lemmon - 6th SC, G-G-Uncle

I am very proud of these men, I hope to make them proud of me. Last April our family held an Iron Cross ceremony for the first listed, Joseph Carroll, who is buried in Bullocks Creek, York County. I did a first person impression of a soldier who knew my g-grandfather. Everyone seemed to enjoy it.

Larry Bates
8th SCVI

 Post subject:
PostPosted: Wed Feb 20, 2008 10:15 pm 
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Joined: Mon Apr 03, 2006 10:25 am
Posts: 254
Location: Laurinburg, NC
These are all sons of GGG grandfather Henry Blackman, last surviving Veteran of the War of 1812 in SC:

William Blackman GG Uncle, Stuart's Horse Artillery
Andrew Blackman GG Uncle, 6th SCV
James Blackman GG Uncle, 21st SCV died at Elmira
Henry Blackman GG Uncle, 21st SCV
Wade Blackman GG Grandfather, 21st SCV
Kinchen Blackman GG Uncle, Pee Dee Light Artillery
RH Blackman GG Uncle, Pee Dee Light Artillery
Manly Blackman GG Uncle, 18th SCV
John Blackman GG Uncle, 8th SC Inf died of disease 1862
W.W. Blackman cousin (son of William) 8th SC Inf KIA 1864

Andrew Bruce Davis GG Grandfather, Zimmerman's Battery

Joel Stokes GG Grandfather, 21st SCV
Reddin Stokes GG Uncle, 8th SC Inf KIA

Joseph Isgett GG Uncle, 21st SCV KIA
James A. Isgett GG Uncle, 2nd Regiment SC Artillery
James W. Isgett GG Uncle, 2nd Regiment SC Artillery
William Isgett GG Uncle, 2nd Regiment SC Artillery

Bruce Blackmon
Editor of the Palmetto Vindicator

 Post subject:
PostPosted: Fri Feb 22, 2008 11:12 am 
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Joined: Tue Apr 04, 2006 8:52 am
Posts: 39
Location: Greenville
My GG grandfather was George Thorton Fowler Co,E "States Rights Guards" 1st Ga. INF. He had 3 brothers in CSA sevice.
Levi Washington Fowler Enlisted 1st NC Bethel Brigade. Co G, Surrendered Appamatox Co G 11th NC.ANV
Chestley C Fowler Co C. Philips Ga. Legion ANV
Lt William Marion Fowler Cherokee Legion Cavalry Army of Tenn.
William's son Thomas N. Sgt. Philips Legion Co C Cavalry "Cherokee Dragoons" ANV
William House Fowler Sgt Phillips Legion Co C My GG Grandfathers brother John House was quaker but his son served with the Cherokee Dragoons.
P. Newton Coleman GG Uncle Co H 7th Ga.
My GGG grandfather Valentine Coleman had 10 sons of which newton ws one, My GG grand father Marion was 9 years old but his brothers Tom, Ben , Jeremiah ,Samuel and John all Served in the 49 th Ga.
My GG grandfather Fife served with the Second Ga Co B He was a scotsman I have a family heirloom , a badge in Gold awarded the best drilled private in Ga Milita that he recieved before the war.
My GG Grandfather Williams served the couse by making pistols for Griswold
My GG father Williams worked in a pistol factory in Augusta during the war He was in his late 30's early 40s

 Post subject:
PostPosted: Thu Mar 06, 2008 1:12 am 

Joined: Thu Apr 06, 2006 1:29 am
Posts: 30
Location: Picket line, Darlington SC
There's a heap of them, so let's start with my direct paternal side....

4th Ggrandfather--Francis Howle Co. E, 4th SC State Troops & Co. A, 7th SC Battalion of Reserves. His son, my 3rd Ggrandfather....

James Thomas Howle---Co. G, 21st SCVI. Wounded at Morris Island, Petersburg, and Bentonville. Paroled at Smithville, NC. His three brothers...

Cpl. Epaphraditus Howle---Co. G, 21st SCVI. Captured at Weldon Railroad, VA. Survived Point Lookout.
John David Howle---Co. G, 21st SCVI. Wounded at Morris Island.
Elias Davis Howle---Co. G, 21st SCVI

My 3rd Ggrandfather Frederick DeWitt Chapman---Co. F, 8th SCVI & Ferguson's Battery. Nearly died of typhoid. Paroled at the Florence Wayside Hospital.

My 3rd Ggrandfather Daniel Hawkins---Chesterfield Light Artillery

My 4th Ggrandfather Enoch Tyner---Co. E, 4th SC State Troops

Many more to come!

With Warmest Regards,
Sgt. Hoot

PostPosted: Tue Dec 09, 2008 6:55 pm 

Joined: Sun Dec 07, 2008 10:55 pm
Posts: 45
Location: West Virginia
Samuel P.H. Miller, Major (Surgeon) 7th Virginia Cavalry-GGG Grandfather
Joseph G.H. Miller, 1st Lt. 10th VA Infantry, Co. I-GGG Uncle
Hiram Harrison Miller, 2nd Lt. 10th VA Infantry, Co. I-GGG Uncle

T. Groseclose, Capt. 8th VA Cavalry, Co. A-GGG Grandfather
Joseph L Groseclose, Pvt. 8th VA Cavalry, Co. A-GGG Uncle
Stephen Groseclose, Pvt. 8th VA Cavalry, Co. B-GGG Uncle

Many more to list+ pictures soon!

It is interesting to note that my GGGG Grandfather, Adam Miller, was the first settler of the Shenandoah Valley.

Our ancestor's home (Miller-Kite House) is still standing and is a museum for the Elkton Historical Society, Elkton, Va. The house was used as Jackson's HQ for the 1862 Valley Campaign.

Elkton Historical Society
P.O. Box 1
Elkton, Va. 22827

Nick Miller
Lt. Colonel

Wise's Legion

PostPosted: Fri Mar 06, 2009 4:36 pm 
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Joined: Wed Mar 04, 2009 3:22 pm
Posts: 1
Location: Somewhere between Beaufort & Savannah
Most of my ancestors on my Mom's side of the family, of age during the War, fought for South Carolina in the Confederacy.

GG Great Grandfather Franklin Thames was a private in Co D of the 11th SC Vol Inf (the Whippy Swamp Guards). Some of the battles he fought at include; Swift Creek, Drewery's Bluff, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Fort Fisher, and Bentonsville. He was shot in the right ankle at Bentonsville, captured, and had the lower part of his leg amputated. He returned home with a seashell he brought from the beach at Fort Fisher. The State later furnished him with a wooden leg. Frankin's brother-in-law James Clifton, was a Captain in Co C (Beaufort Dist Troop) 3rd SC Cavalry and was KIA at Johns Island July 24, 1864.

GG Great Grandfather Charles DeLoach was a private in Co D of the 24th SC Vol Inf (the Evans Guards) and was later absorbed into Co A of the 19th SC Cavalry with his brother Jesse. Some of the battles they fought include; Secessionville, Vicksburg, Jackson, Chattanooga, Kennesaw Mt, Peachtree Creek (Charles was wounded), and skirmishes in SC. He and his brother were captured March 5, 1865 near Florence, SC. They were held at Point Lookout Prison until after the war. Jesse died 4 years later at the age of 41.

GG Great Grandfather William DeLoach was a private in Co G of the 3rd SC Artillery Battalion "DeSaussure's Light Artillery". He defended Charleston in '63 and fought Sherman throughout the state. My Great Grandmother and Great Grandfather were both DeLoach's but were distant cousins.

GG Great Grandfather David Warnock was a 2nd Lieutenant in Smart's Co of Martin's Mounted Militia. This Co became Co F of the 3rd SC Cavalry Reg and he was promoted to 1st Lieutenant. His brother Robert was a Corporal in Co H of the 3rd SC Cavalry Reg. Battles David fought in include; Coosawhatchie, South Newport, Honey Hill, and skirmishes in the Carolinas.

GG Great Grandfather Samuel Grubbs was a private in Co C 1st SC Artillery Battalion with his brothers Thomas and John. They fought at Fort Harrison, Fort Fisher, and Averysboro. They were captured at Averysboro and held at Point Lookout Prison until after the War. Thomas died there 12 days before they were to be released. Samuel's nephews John and James Hutto both served in Co K of the 13th SC Inf. James died Oct 9, 1861 of disease at camp in Columbia and James was discharged.

GG Great Grandfather Robert Cave's brother James enlisted Sep 7, 1861 and served in Hagood's 1st Regiment Co G and later Co E. He held rank of 3rd & 2nd Cpl, 3rd & 2nd Sgt until being reduced to Pvt due to an extended furlough. Robert's uncle John Cave also served in this Co. His two 1st cousins Bennet and Henry Cave enlisted with the 11th SC Reserves (90 days) and later with the 2nd SC Artillery.

My Dad's side were mostly living in Virginia (West Virginia after the split) during the War.

GG Great Grandfather William Rigg enlisted June 15, 1861 with Co I 8th VA Cavalry. He was given a disability discharge because of his advanced age of 61.

GG Great Grandfather James Dixson enlisted Jan 1864 with Co A (White's Mounted Riflemen) 14th VA Cavalry and fought at the Wilderness, Spotslvania, and Petersburg.

GG Great Grandfather James Gray served as a private in Stuart's Horse Artillery. His wife died during the War and after the surrender he moved to Kansas and lived with an Indian tribe. After several years he returned to WVa and remarried .

GG Great Grandfather Charles Humphreys joined the 108th VA Militia with his brother Milton and was later attached to Bryan's Co of Artillery. His brother is considered by the US Army as the father of indirect firing.

Last edited by Stephen on Mon Mar 09, 2009 1:03 am, edited 1 time in total.

PostPosted: Sun Mar 08, 2009 9:03 pm 

Joined: Tue Apr 04, 2006 1:15 am
Posts: 2
Location: Bennettsville, SC
My Great-grandfather.
Given in Summer, 1921

My dear young ladies, I have been asked by one of your members to write a short sketch of my memories of the Civil War.

I must warn you in the beginning not to expect anything brilliant, as my mind, like my body, has grown old and feeble, I can no longer think in brilliant terms as I once did, I have become dull and prosaic.

I was away when the excitement that brought on the war began, but returned to South Carolina on the day of Secession. I was then a student.

I soon joined a "Volunteer Rifle Company", and was elected Lieutenant of the same. The clans were preparing for War and our Captain offered our Company to the Governor for services as an Independent Company of Sharpshooters, which was not accepted, and the men began to join other companies that were bound for the front.

I resigned my Commission and joined a Private Company, H. of the 11th Regiment. I served with them until the end of the first enlistment.

We were stationed at Hilton Head Islands near the mouth of the Port Royal River, where we built a small dirt fort mounting 23 guns to guard the harbor. We remained there sometime when the enemy attacked us with a fleet of 784 guns. After a hard fought battle that evening, we were successful in resisting their attack until our fort was dismantled. When we had only one gun left in action and it was so hot it was dangerous to load it, the order was given to evacuate. We were successful in getting out, having lost a considerable number of our small force. Our force was in number, over 2,500 men and 2,000 of them, Infantry men, were not engaged during the time. We were taken to Savannah Georgia by steam boats and next we were sent to Hardeeville, on the Savannah River, to guard the road from any parties that should come inland to destroy the railroad.

Here we remained until the first enlistment was out. We were here organized for the balance of the War. Here I got a transfer to the Santee Artillery under Capt. C. Gaillard which was then stationed at McClellanville. I joined the Company at the place and was moved back and forth from there to "Fort Warren" on the Santee, to Mt. Pleasant and Sullivans Island, on the coast, until all the calvary was removed to Virginia. Then we had to do picket duty in their place. On one of these picket posts, I was surrounded and captured, October 16, 1864 together with four of my comrades. After being kept on board ship for sometime, we were sent to "Fort Delaware" prison guard where we suffered tortures.

We were released after the War, almost starved to death. I, for one, having been reduced from 160 to 100 pounds.

Young ladies, you are doing a glorious work; keeping green the Memories of the Confederate Veterans, and if my mind were not so much broken with the hard struggle to live, I would delight to help you in your work. The few, but honorable few, that still remain will soon camp on the other side of the river with our bold leaders, who have gone ahead. Then you will have nothing left to do but keep our names green in the minds of future generations as a brave people who never laid down their arms until overpowered by too numerous enemies, and not in dishonor then.

/S/ Henry L. Thomas
Henry Louis Thomas passed away on September 7, 1921, just a few weeks after this presentation to the UDC.

Pvt. Patrick Coxe
23rd SCVI
B Company

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